In any increasingly technical world, there is a need for a more scientifically literate population. We are also facing a glut in problems – environmental, social, economic, and cultural – that may have their solution in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) disciplines. To solve these problems, we need an inclusive engagement in STEM as we’ve never had before, in particular under-represented populations: women, people of color, and all income levels.
My vision is to build an organization that engages the energy and combined creativity of girls to tackle environmental and economic problems from a STEM perspective. I think there is an untapped resource in our at-risk communities that can be unleashed for amazing results.
Articles by smart people who have been looking at this topic for longer than I have are available showing a shortage of female talent in the STEM fields (Science / Technology / Engineering / Math) and that our STEM literacy as a society is suffering. As a female engineer, my passion has been for encouraging more girls to join STEM fields. There are many Social, Environmental and Economic (SEE) problems that have solutions in STEM and I believe there is an intervention point for increased solutions by encouraging more girls and women to enter the STEM fields. To find the intervention points, I created a system diagram that explores: (1) Why is there a gender gap in STEM? and (2) How can we encourage STEM literacy and solutions for SEE problems?
On the diagram, the (+) and (-) don’t indicate direction but polarity. A (+) sign indicates that when something changes the connected thing changes in the same way. A (-) indicates that connected objects change in the opposite way. I follow through the diagram in prose after the image.
Since I’m interested in solutions for Social, Environmental and Economic (SEE) problems, let’s start at SEE solutions object. As more SEE solutions are out in the market, more people are willing to engage with STEM so that increases STEM literacy which increases understanding of SEE problems (food access, climate change, income inequality) which leads to more people able to bring STEM solutions. A reinforcing loop – the R with the arrow – that I’ve labeled “Solutions”. We can follow through the diagram in similar manner, showing linkage, loops and polarity of connections.
With increased SEE solutions based in STEM, science can strengthen its public image and shift it, from crazy white male to diverse populations and ideas. Positive PR can increase the quality of STEM education and can pique the interest of girls in two ways: a general increase in STEM and seeing role models that they can identify with.
Once a girl is interested in STEM or a woman is in a STEM career or academic path, there are pressures from society which try to limit or remove that interest based on gender “norms” and these pressures can balance out (balancing loop – B with arrow) any systemic interest that has been created by other means. However, as those pressures are reduced, confidence can grow leading to more female role models in STEM careers in business or academia, which feeds into the Solutions loop. These are in the “Society”, “Confidence” and “Change the Script” loops.
When considering potential intervention points, societal “norms” are critical and may have the most lasting effect but they tend to be the most difficult to solve. Many fantastic organizations are working on this problem and there is tremendous intersectionality with gender equality, diversity and self-esteem movements.
A key intervention that can be influenced as a starting point is the quality of STEM education, both of children and adults. As the level of quality education goes up, it impacts the interest of girls and the STEM literacy of the general population, which can feedback into the societal pressures and into SEE solutions loop.
And solutions are the goal. What this system diagram doesn’t show is my vision of thriving, respectful, passionate discourse about our understanding of and care for each other and our home planet.
In the spirit of discourse, please leave a respectful, encouraging, edifying comment. Thanks for reading!